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What is Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy?

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) was developed by
Aaron Beck in the early 1960s to serve as a shorter-term,
structured treatment for depression.  Since then, it has
been extended to use in the treatment of many psychological
disorders, including anxiety.  The techniques used in this
treatment approach have been tested extensively and
shown to be very effective.

CBT focuses on identifying specific thought and behavior
patterns which underlie the problem and teaches techniques
to bring about change.  These techniques target the
"dysfunctional" or "distorted" thoughts and behaviors and
systematically teach the patient how to look at situations
differently and learn new thought and behavior habits.

Sessions are typically 45 minutes in length and involve active
participation of both the clinician and the patient.  In many
cases, therapeutic homework will be assigned between
sessions and patients should be prepared to commit themselves
fully to attending weekly sessions and completing the homework
for maximum treatment effectiveness.